Perlis Indera Kayangan, the most northerly state on the peninsular's west coast is the smallest that make up the Malaysian federation. Formerly a part of Kedah, it broke away to become a separate principality while still paying homage to Siam. Centuries later the state became part of Malaya after the Second World War. Sharing a common border with Kedah in the south and Thailand in the north, Perlis is mostly agricultural and naturally pristine offering endless vistas of sprawling padi fields broken only by jutting limestone outcrops.
Within its petite confines are the few towns comprising Arau, Kangar, Kuala Perlis and Padang Besar. Kuala Perlis on the river mouth is the jump-off point for the famous island resort of Langkawi while the border town of Padang Besar is a popular gateway to and from Thailand. In spite of its size, Perlis has numerous attractions that are easily accessible.
The main town of Kangar, which is also the state capital, is set amidst a large expanse of padi fields that offer a dazzling golden yellow panorama just during harvesting season. About 26 kilometres from Kangar lies the famous Gua Kelam that was once the site of a subterranean tin mine. Within is a 370-metre long tunnel, which exits at the Wang Tangga Valley on the other side of the hill.
The other attractions include Tasik Melati, Snake Farm, Bukit Kubu Recreational Forest, Gunung Medan and the sprawling sugar cane plantation at Chuping.
Although small, Perlis has its own traditional art forms, including dances such as the Tarian Ayam Didik, Canggung and the now-revived Tarian Terinai. The storytelling tradition still lives. The itinerant storyteller in the form of a character popularly known as Awang Batil tells his stories with the accompaniment of a small drum and a flute.